By R J Cope
9 chapters by means of a bunch of authors run from website research to overview, fix, thermal reaction, structural kinds, and joints and substructures.
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Additional info for Concrete Bridge Engineering: Performance and advances
A model similar to that shown in Fig. 29 Chloride measurements are therefore not suitable for locating corrosion but are useful in establishing causes and appropriate remedial action. This may be particularly significant in situations where sulphate-resisting cements have been used, as may perhaps be the case for wing walls or abutments, since such cements are known to have a reduced resistance to chloride penetration. Chloride ions are, however, very small in relation to the typical pore sizes of good quality concrete, and most concretes are thus vulnerable.
American Concrete Institute, Recommended practice for evaluation of strength test results of concrete, Standard 214–77, Detroit (1977). 11. R. , Statistical evaluation of the in-place compressive strength of concrete, Concrete International, 7(2), 44–8 (1985). 12. , Baweja, D. , Towards a quantitative measure of durability of structural concrete members, SP 82–32, American Concrete Institute, Detroit (1984). 13. Samarin, A. , Determination of in-situ concrete/strength: rapidly and confidently by non-destructive testing, SP 82, American Concrete Institute, Detroit, 77–94 (1984).
18. , BRAINS—Bridge Record and Maintenance, Palladian Pub. Ltd, London, 2(6), 17–21 (1986). Copyright 1987 Elsevier Applied Science Publishers Ltd. 1 INTRODUCTION It is estimated1 that there are some 50000 concrete bridges in the United Kingdom alone, of which most have been constructed in the last 60 years. During this period there have been substantial changes in traffic flow and loading for highways so that many bridges are taking loads for which they were not designed. Characteristics of both concrete and steels used for reinforcement or prestressing have also changed, as well as design methods and site construction procedures.
Concrete Bridge Engineering: Performance and advances by R J Cope