By Margaret J. Osler
This quantity examines the effect that Epicureanism and Stoicism, philosophies of nature and human nature articulated in the course of classical occasions, exerted at the improvement of eu idea to the Enlightenment. even supposing the effect of those philosophies has usually been famous in definite parts, similar to the impact of Stoicism at the improvement of Christian notion and the effect of Epicureanism on smooth materialism, the chapters during this quantity ahead a brand new information of the measure to which those philosophies and their persisted interplay knowledgeable ecu highbrow lifestyles good into early sleek occasions. The impact of the Epicurean and Stoic philosophies within the parts of literature, philosophy, theology, and technology are thought of. Many thinkers proceed to understand those philosophies as major possible choices for realizing the human and normal worlds. Having turn into included into the canon of philosophical choices, Epicureanism and Stoicism endured to exert identifiable impacts on clinical and philosphical concept not less than till the center of the eighteenth century.
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Additional info for Atoms, Pneuma, and Tranquillity: Epicurean and Stoic Themes in European Thought
J. 25b32~5; cf. 24^26-30. 49 (SVF, 2:52). See W. Kneale and M. Kneale, The Development of Logic (Oxford, 1962), p. 153: ''It seems likely that the Stoics were convinced in a similar way that lekta must be distinguished from the sentences which express them. . " This is true insofar as external language is concerned. Cambridge Books Online © Cambridge University Press, 2009 Ethics and logic in Stoicism 19 living unity of the universe. A new logic was created in light of an empiricist theory of knowledge and as a result of an organic interpretation of the cosmos.
What is remarkable, however, is that these dramatic changes were not accompanied by abandonment of the truth-functional character and the proposition-forming force of conjunction. Thus the notion of a propositional logic was kept alive and was available for its renaissance in the nineteenth century. We have here, I suggest, one fragment of Stoic logic whose influence was uninterrupted from the twelfth century to our own. Cambridge Books Online © Cambridge University Press, 2009 Stoic psychotherapy in the Middle Ages and Renaissance: Petrarch's De remediis LETIZIA A.
Moreover Ockham merely repeated an account we can find in Burleigh, Pseudo-Scotus, Buridan, and practically any other fourteenthcentury logician. Is this a case of rediscovery or of transmission? We are not yet in a position to answer this question definitively. But we can say that if it is a case of transmission, it is not through the endorsement of any of the usual channels. The most authoritative source of early medieval logic - Boethius - was a firm opponent of the Stoic view. As C. J. Martin has argued, Boethius thought that a conjunction is just a list and is not properly speaking a proposition at all.
Atoms, Pneuma, and Tranquillity: Epicurean and Stoic Themes in European Thought by Margaret J. Osler