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New PDF release: An Essay on Belief and Acceptance

By L. Jonathan Cohen

ISBN-10: 0198236042

ISBN-13: 9780198236047

ISBN-10: 0585244790

ISBN-13: 9780585244792

During this incisive new ebook considered one of Britain's most outstanding philosophers explores the often-overlooked stress among voluntariness and involuntariness in human cognition. He seeks to counter the common tendency for analytic epistemology to be ruled by way of the idea that of trust. Is medical wisdom effectively conceived as being embodied, at its top, in a passive feeling of trust or in an energetic coverage of attractiveness? should still a jury's verdict claim what its contributors involuntarily think or what they voluntarily settle for? and will statements and assertions be presumed to specific what their authors think or what they settle for? Does any such contrast among trust and attractiveness aid to unravel the paradoxes of self-deception and akrasia? needs to humans be taken to think every thing entailed through what they think, or in basic terms to just accept every little thing entailed by way of what they settle for? via a scientific exam of those difficulties, the writer sheds new mild on problems with the most important significance in modern epistemology, philosophy of brain, and cognitive science.

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Extra resources for An Essay on Belief and Acceptance

Example text

They are dispositions to have certain feelable yearnings, cravings, wishes, likings, or hankerings. And, like beliefs, they may vary in strength or weakness. Desire that p, however, is not entailed by a disposition to bring it about that p, any more than belief that p is entailed by a disposition to act in accordance with that belief (pp. 8-11). Indeed, your actions on appropriate occasions mayor may not be caused by the beliefs and desires that the actions appear to suggest. It is always open to you to pretend that you have beliefs or desires which you do not have or that you do not have beliefs or desires which you do have.

On the other hand, if the known evidence that p is quite adequate, then, even if a person himself lacks any feeling of conviction that p, he is rightly held responsible for not accepting that p. If there is well-publicized medical evidence that a certain kind of vaccination is beneficial for a child's health, then the parents who know of that evidence are responsible for not drawing the appropriate conclusions. In such cases it is justifiable to be less tolerant of others' being misguided in what they accept than of their being mistaken in what they believe.

S. THE DEDUCTIVE CLOSURE ISSUE It is tempting to say that, while the explicit, direct act of acceptance involves a conscious adoption of a policy about premisses or rules of inference, a person also accepts indirectly or unconsciously all the deductive consequences of each of the propositions that he accepts explicitly, and of any of their conjunctions, whether or not he is himself aware of those consequences or able or disposed to work them out. That would be because, when the conjunction PI & pz & ...

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An Essay on Belief and Acceptance by L. Jonathan Cohen

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