By John Middleton
Booklist/Reference Books Bulletin 20 most sensible Bets for pupil Researchers 2002
Based at the scholarship within the acclaimed educational Encyclopedia of Africa, that is aimed toward collage and graduate scholars, this paintings provides Africa, from Egypt to Cape city and from prehistoric instances to the current day, in a structure that's inviting to school scholars. The 4-vol. set spans many disciplines with its articles on animals, meals, vacations and gala's, tribal teams, ecology, song and paintings, alternate and the economic climate, geography, faith, folklore, and fossil and skeletal discoveries. (20021101)
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L ocated on a spit of land near the NILE RIVER delta, Alexandria is the second largest city in EGYPT and the country’s main port. C. by Alexander the Great and quickly emerged as the leading city of the Mediterranean region. Renowned in the ancient world as a center of learning, Alexandria possessed the greatest library of the time and attracted scholars from near and far. D. 642, it slowly declined over the next several hundred years. africa_vol1 1/14/03 9:06 AM Page 17 Algeria The French occupied Alexandria from 1798 to 1801.
Multiparty republic. President elected by universal suffrage. Governing bodies: Assemblée Populaire Nationale (legislative house), prime minister and cabinet of ministers appointed by president. ); Oran, Constantine, Annaba, Batna ANNUAL RAINFALL: Varies from 30 in. (760 mm) along the coast to less than 4 in. S. $4,650 PRINCIPAL PRODUCTS AND EXPORTS: Agricultural: wheat, barley, oats, citrus fruits, olives, grapes, wine, dates, figs, sheep, cattle Manufacturing: electrical, petrochemical, food processing, light industries Mining: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc HEADS OF STATE SINCE INDEPENDENCE: 1962–1965 Ahmed Ben Bella 1965–1978 Houari BoumÉdienne 1979–1991 Chadli Benjedid 1991–1998 Liamine Zeroual 1999– Abdelaziz Bouteflika ARMED FORCES: 122,000 EDUCATION: Compulsory for ages 6–15; literacy rate 62% Civil War.
In many herding societies, cattle are regarded not only as a convenient source of food but also as a living symbol of well-being and prosperity— both spiritual and economic. The pastoral peoples of Kenya do not kill their cattle for food, although they consume milk and blood from living animals and use the hides of dead ones. Cattle are important in many old African rituals*, including sacrifice and the giving of bridewealth* from a groom’s family to a bride’s family. Beasts of Burden. The dromedary, or one-humped Arabian camel, is found across the North African desert and the lands along its southern edge.
Africa: An Encyclopedia for Students Edition 1. by John Middleton