By World Bank
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Extra info for A Study of international fisheries research
The problems are highly complex, in terms of both the natural and physical effects and the social and economic causes and consequences. Chapter 2 identifies the small-scale sector as an area of increasing concern for the future, one that requires new approaches in management and development that take into account its special conditions and characteristics. Chapter 3 examines present management and development practices. This assessment was undertaken, first, to determine the extent to which lack of information is an impediment to improved practices (the first objective of the study) and, second, to evaluate the potential capability of present practices to meet the new challenges and opportunities and, on this basis, to provide a framework for identifying research requirements.
1). 5 percent a year, a doubling of production every 11 to 12 years (FAO 1981). During this period global fishing effort increased even more rapidly, as indicated by the hundreds of stock assessments conducted worldwide. For most large stocks, fishing effort exceeded the most economically efficient level and, for many high-valued stocks, led to declines in the absolute value of harvests. The expansion of fisheries took place under the principle of the freedom of the seas. This principle emerged during the early 1600s as the Dutch fleets demanded access to areas of the North Sea claimed by the British.
In addition, many of these countries suffer from a lack of infrastructure, distribution net-works, and technical, managerial, administrative, and research competence. Some states have sought a compromise between the two approaches, through joint ventures under which the distant-water states provide benefits (usually facilitating domestic development in exchange for access rights) or through arrangements that require the distant-water states to land a certain amount of their catch in local ports.
A Study of international fisheries research by World Bank