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Download e-book for iPad: A model of the universe: Space-time, probability, and by Storrs McCall

By Storrs McCall

ISBN-10: 0198240538

ISBN-13: 9780198240532

Storrs McCall offers an unique philosophical conception of the character of the universe in accordance with a amazing new version of its space-time constitution and argues that the truth that the version throws gentle on the sort of huge variety of difficulties constitutes powerful proof that the universe is because the version portrays it. An formidable, arguable, and creative proposal for a very new metaphysical beginning for philosophy and physics, this ebook discusses a large diversity of issues in the framework of the recent idea, and should be of specified curiosity to physicists for its unique new interpretation of quantum mechanics.

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In the theory, this constitutes a metaphorical entailment: The activation of B is a literal entailment; C is "metaphorically" linked to B, since it is in another conceptual domain; therefore the activation of C is a metaphorical entailment. Part 4: Fauconnier and Turner's theory of conceptual blending. Distinct conceptual domains can be coactivated, and under certain conditions connections across the domains can be formed, leading to new inferences. Such "conceptual blends" may be either conventional or wholly original.

What Narayanan discovered was that exactly the same neural structure that can perform motor control also characterizes the conceptual structure of linguistic aspect, and the same neural mechanism that can control bodily movements can perform logical inferences about the structure of actions in general. Narayanan devised an ingenious way to test whether his model of general high-level motor control could handle purely abstract inferences, inferences having nothing to do with bodily movement. He constructed a neural model of conceptual metaphor and then found cases in which body-based metaphors were used in an abstract domain, in this case, international economics.

Compared to certain other languages, English is relatively impoverished in its use of bodily projections to conceptualize spatial relations. By contrast, languages of the Otomonguean family, such as Mixtec, use bodily projections as their primary means of characterizing spatial relations (Al, Brugman 1985). For example, in Mixtec, there is no unitary concept or word corresponding to English on. The range of cases covered by English on is instead described by using body-part projections. " If you want to say "I was on the roof of the house," you say the Mixtec equivalent of "I was located animal-back house," in which an animal hack, being canonically oriented horizontally, is projected onto the house.

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A model of the universe: Space-time, probability, and decision by Storrs McCall

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